Bio-Diversity. Conservation Act
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002

Conservation reserves and community reserves in India are terms denoting areas which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Reserved and Protected Forests of India. This categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 - the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. These categories were added because of reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to private ownership of land, and land use.


Conservation Reserve
Declaration and Management of a Conservation Reserve

36A. (1) The State Government may, after having consultations with the local communities, declare any area owned by the Government, particularly the areas adjacent to National Parks and Sanctuaries and those areas which link one protected area with another, as a conservation reserve for protecting landscapes, seascapes, flora and fauna and their habitat:

Provided that where the conservation reserve includes any land owned by the Central Government, its prior concurrence shall be obtained before making such declaration.

(2) The provisions of sub-section (2) of section 18, sub-sections (2) , (3) and (4) of section 27, sections 30, 32 and clauses (b) and (c) of section 33 shall, as far as may be, apply in relation to a conservation reserve as they apply in relation to a sanctuary

 

Conservation Reserve Management Committee
36B. (1) The State Government shall constitute a conservation reserve management committee to advise the Chief Wild Life Warden to conserve, manage and maintain the conservation reserve.

(2) The committee shall consist of a representative of the forest or Wild Life Department, who shall be the Member-Secretary of the Committee, one representative of each Village Panchayat in whose jurisdiction the reserve is located, three representatives of non-governmental organizations working in the field of wild life conservation and one representative each from the Department of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry.

(3) The Committee shall regulate its own procedure including the quorum.
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National Park

Sanctuaries

Tiger Reserves

Elephant Reserves


Community Conserved Areas

Biosphere Reserve

Endangered & Threatened

In-Situ Conservation

Ex-Situ Conservation


Habitat

Awareness


Conservation Schemes

Participatory PA Management


Legislation

Crime Control